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KraussMaffei's extruder produces rigid cross-linked foam boards
Source:Adsale Plastics Network    Editor:JK    Date:11.Nov.2021

In its capacity as one of six associated partners, KraussMaffei has promoted a joint cooperation project funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi). The common aim of the project partners was to develop a closed value-added chain for thermoset rigid phenolic foam – starting from the production, through planning, construction and operation up to material recycling.

 

The highly innovative rigid foam products are ideal for the use as load-bearing insulating composite components in the building sector, such as for mounting solar modules or air-conditioning systems on roofs or for the installation of windows, railings or awnings to the building façade.


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Phenolic resin panels are particularly suitable for the stable fastening of photovoltaic systems.


Within the frame of this project, KraussMaffei’s extrusion division actually succeeded in matching the phenolic compound formulation and the process control in order to be able to extrude boards with low density, high mechanical stability, low thermal conductivity and good fire resistance on a co-rotating twin-screw extruder.

 

“The excellent fire properties of the new thermoset foam boards are indeed something very special,” declared Andreas Madle, process engineer in the Process-Engineering Development Division and project manager at KraussMaffei. Even without the addition of flame retardants, the new material is extremely flame resistant and hence classified as fire protection class B1.


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ZE 42 Blue Power twin-screw extruder optimally adapted to the process keeps crosslinking in the extruder under control.


The ZE 42 BluePower twin-screw extruder available in KraussMaffei’s R&D center in Hannover was used for the production of the foam boards with a thickness of 50 mm. In terms of process-engineering characteristics, this extruder was precisely adapted to the requirements of the material processed.

 

“The challenge was to keep the cross-linking process in the extruder under control and to avoid the formation of dead spots,” told Andreas Madle. This goal has been achieved through low-shear screw geometry, moderate processing temperatures ranging between 100 and 120°C and the selection of a screw tip that is characterized by an extremely reduced free volume. The final product is thermoset foam with a density of about 800 kg/m3 and a good thermal conductivity of 0.12 W/mK.

 

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Energy-efficient phenolic rigid foam panels feature low density with high mechanical stability, low thermal conductivity and good fire properties.


“We are well aware of the fact that our foam is rather heavy compared to thermoplastic foam such as EPS, which can reach densities of less than 30 kg/m3,” stated Andreas Madle. “However, these two foam products are not really comparable as their fields of application are completely different. In fact, the new foam is intended, among others, as an insulating material for loaded applications and the higher mechanical stability involved inevitably requires a higher density.”


Furthermore, the process engineer is convinced that future research and development projects will allow the density of phenolic resin foam to be further reduced.


The other cooperation partners involved in this project were Hexion GmbH (phenolic resins), Ejot Baubefestigungen GmbH (fastening solutions for the building industry), Schöck Bauteile GmbH (load-bearing insulating components) as well as Robert Bosch GmbH (various products and consumer goods). The project has been coordinated by Chemnitz Technical University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Chair in Plastics.

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